Bhatthad Khaanp Kuldevi:-Bisu Mata (Bisal Sati Mundal)
Guroo:-Dhamat ( Paliwal )
Vesh:- Gaura( white)
Shree Krishna Das Ji Jaju is a well-known personality of Maheshwari Samaj. At the time of inauguration of the 12th Akhil Bharatiya Maheshwari Mahasabha in the year 1937 at Kanpur, he said that the origin of Maheshwari cast is not known but he believed that our ancestors were from the Kshatriya cast. I strongly suggest a scientific research should be done on the origin of samaj to know the truth. There are 77 khaanps (castes) in this samaj, out of which one is Bhattad. Bhattadkhaanp is further subdivided in to 18 nakhs(sub castes), these are Bhattad, Soodha, Laddhad, Halad, Mehra, Kahra, Kela, Bisani, Bisa, Balwani, Bichhoo, Ramani, Jetha, Gandhi, Pithani, Pongalya, Mallad, Moondasani. Some of the nakhs in bhattad khaanp are formed only in the last 300 years. For e.g.:- the lineage of Bisaji is known as Bisani nakh, similarly Soodaji is known as Sooda, Mehardasji as Mehra, Moonadasji as Moona. Bhattads dealing in scented articles came to be known as the Gandhi nakh. This Gandhi( Bhattad) nakh does not consist more than 10 to15 families . The detailed description of all these castes and sub castes was prepared only in the last 100 years. Precautions were taken while forming this list but it still has its own flaws. At present,Kahra, Bichhoo, Pithani, Bisa nakhs are not found anywhere .Bhattad families of Ballanis from M.P. and Kothari from Rajasthan are not included in this list. Whereas Mehra and Kahra nakhs are included in list of Bhattad but are also wrongly included inRathi khaapas well. Sothe Maheshwari Mahasabha should make the suitable correction. Jandhiya is not included as a nakh in any khaanp but it is a part of Laddhadnakh . So Jandhiyas are Bhattad. Exclusion of Jandhiyas from any khaap creates a big difficulty.Jandhiyas are marrying in the same khaanp. In fact in the Vikram sanmat 808 (Vikram sanmat is 57 years ahead of Julion and Gigerian calanders) Laddhad was living at Ludharva which was capital of the kings of Bhatti (Rajpoot) caste. So I can say that the families of bhattad were at Jaisalmer more than 1260 years. But I can’t say, when and from where they came to Jaisalmer. In sanmat 1010 Laddhads migrated to village Jandh which is 60 kilo meter away from the Ludharva towards east. They started to come at Jaisalmer from samat 1391, after king Jaisal Bhatti changed his capital in sanmat 1212 from Ludharva to Jaisalmer. Most of their families came at Jaisalmer up to sanmat1717 . All these families came from Village jandh so people of Jaisalmer called them jandhiya. In sanmat 1835 the family of shri Asharam went to Mansore and after that to village Baharabada district Narsinghpur (M.P.). At present, many families of jandhiya can be seen all over India
Nearly 300 years ago, there were no proper roads for transportation so the people used the animals (like camels, horses, bulls etc.) to transfer the goods from one place to another. At that time the people Afganistan,Kerachi and other western cities used to visit Jaisalmer for exchanging their goods with businessmen of India . Jaisalmer was a big centre of business. Hence the people of Jaisalmer were very rich and economically sound. Because of this affluence of the people , Jaisalmer started excelling in its architecture and stone carvings. At that time not only Palace, Patavans’ Haweli(big house), Salamsinghs’ Haweli, Nathmals’ Haveli and other Havelis were constructed, but also commoners built their houses with beautiful stone carvings. Today the people from every part of world come to Jaisalmer to see these beautiful stone carvings
At that time, different khaaps of Maheshwari built the temples of their Kuldevis. The temple of Kuldevi (BisuMata) of Bhattadkhaanp was constructed near Gadisar lake in sanmat 1811. The temple of Bhootras’ kuldevi (khevaj Mata) was built in sanmat 1813, near Gulabsagar lake. The temples of other kuldevis were also built indifferent places near Jaisalmer at the same time.
But the economic condition of villagers of Jaisalmer, Barmer and Gujrat was not so good. Therefore, some Maheshwaris went to Thar, Kerachi and some other parts which are apparently in Pakistan, to improve their economic condition. Bhaat Raja stopped going there. So after 70 to 80 years, they forgot their khaanps but they remembered their nakhs. They could not differentiate between khaanp and nakhs, so they started to arrange marriages between Batthad, Laddhad and Malahar . All these are nakhs of Batthad khaanp . Many of them came back to different parts of Gujrat, Barmer, Jalor and some other places of Rajasthan before the year 1947 and after that as well. They are known as Dhati Maheshwari. Total number of Batthad khaanp families in Gujrat is more than 525. They are still arranging marriages between Batthad, Ladhad and Malahar . But I have not seen any ill effect on them. The total population of Maheshwari is less than 15 lakh. So I think the total population of Bhatthad khaap will be nearly just 25 thousand. The 90% of them are in Rajasthan, M.P. and U.P. While the other 10% are in different states of India. Some of them are out of India. All these people are experts in business.